Download An Introduction to Coal Technology by Norbert Berkowitz PDF

By Norbert Berkowitz

An creation to Coal Technology thoroughly describes coal expertise study and improvement. Coal is a crucial basic gas in the course of the international and learn has unfold from coal liquefaction and gasification to applied sciences for constructing fresh coal. The publication is split into components. half I specializes in the formation and basic homes of coal. half II addresses contemporary advancements and critical technical procedures comparable to the coaching and combustion recommendations of unpolluted coal, environmental administration of coal, and speedy pyrolysis. This moment variation builds upon and updates the winning therapy offered in Dr. Berkowitzs esteemed 1979 publication.

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2 Relationship between fixed carbon in coal and the nature of associated petroleum accumulations'1 Fixed carbon in coal (%) Carbon contents* (%) 70 65-70 86-89 83-89 60-65 79-83 55-60 75-79 50-55 71-75 50 71 Petroleum quality Petroleum and gas accumulations rare No commercially significant petroleum or gas pools Few commercial pools, but petroleum of excellent (light) quality; gas occurrences frequent, but small Principal (light) petroleum and gas pools in the Appalachian region Principal (medium) petroleum pools in Ohio, Indiana, and midcontinent states Heavy petroleum accumulations in coastal plains and in Tertiary unconsolidated formations "After Fuller [68].

After Damberger et al. [60]; by permission of M. and R. 0 M o i s t u r e , % daf 0 ] ν \ J 8θ 85 Carbon, % daf Γ \" *M 1 fflu 90 7500 8000 8500 C a l o r i f i c Value, kcal/kg ash-free Fig. 3 The variation of rank indicators with depth of burial; Nordlicht Ost I borehole; West Germany. (Teichmüller and Teichmüller [62]; by permission of M. and R. , studies seeking to estimate rates of metamorphic change, it is therefore often preferable to use appropriate vitrinite characteristics as measures of rank.

West Germany. Large points show statistically weighted averages for each 50-m depth interval. (After Kutzner [59] ; by permission of M. and R. \: - -C CL '£ 1 000 03 — ~~ — ~Ί H ·· 1 1 1 • 0) H 1 r l a: i znn Bed Moisture, % Fig. 2 The variation of bed moisture contents of high-rank coals with depth of burial ; Saar region,1West Germany. Data relate to 10 boreholes. (After Damberger et al. [60]; by permission of M. and R. 0 M o i s t u r e , % daf 0 ] ν \ J 8θ 85 Carbon, % daf Γ \" *M 1 fflu 90 7500 8000 8500 C a l o r i f i c Value, kcal/kg ash-free Fig.

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