By Asle Toje
This ebook offers a provocative research of family members among Europe and the USA throughout the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing european international coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the USA were the most important in shaping the rising european strategic tradition. The publication demanding situations validated orthodoxy in regards to the sui generis nature of the eu Union. via special case-studies, it indicates how the U.S. stimulated judgements in the course of the adolescence of the european international and defense coverage: through the 1999 Kosovo struggle, the ecu and NATO growth techniques, and the 2003 Iraq concern. even though, the ebook argues that even if coverage ends can be lead through the USA, the european is becoming more and more convinced in making a choice on distinctively ‘European’ capacity to accomplish those ambitions. those findings have vital implications for figuring out either the european as a international coverage actor and of the EU-US partnership first and foremost of the twenty first century.
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This publication offers a provocative research of family among Europe and the US through the tempestuous years 1998-2004. Analysing european overseas coverage, it concludes that the teachings learnt in interacting with the USA were an important in shaping the rising ecu strategic tradition. The booklet demanding situations verified orthodoxy concerning the sui generis nature of the eu Union.
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Additional resources for America, the EU and Strategic Culture: Transatlantic Security Relations after the Cold War (Contemporary Security Studies)
The first term of the Clinton era was, in a way, a return to the closeness of the 1950s and 1960s, but without the threat that had inspired that closeness. The second term was characterised by a slow-burning discord over burden and power-sharing in which both the US and the Europeans wished to maintain the one and increase the other. American resentment over perceived European freeloading on US military spending is an old phenomenon. In 1984 Senator Nunn presented an amendment to Congress seeking to tie the size of US forces in Europe proportionally to the European’s defence effort.
The Franco-German understanding was fortified through the European integration project. Britain was allowed to join the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1972, but enlargement failed to foster the same degree of closeness between Paris and London that it had done between Paris and Bonn. The two countries came to form two camps which, as we shall see at the end of the chapter, have endured to this day. The intraEuropean bargain was also eased by American engagement, preventing any one European power from seeking primacy in Europe.
Unlike, for example, NATO, the EU has proved itself to be unwilling to compromise on these values when reviewing membership applications. Values are the glue that holds the EU together and are an important factor in why EU membership is so attractive to emerging democracies. The values underpinning the EU are evident in its treaties. Policy-making in the EU is a dynamic process through which interests and objectives emerge as a result of interaction at the domestic, national and European level.