Download Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and by Professor Mark Z. Jacobson PDF

By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson

This new version of Mark Jacobson's textbook offers a finished creation to the background and technological know-how of the key pollution and weather difficulties that face the area this present day, in addition to the power and coverage recommendations to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly up to date with new information, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale options to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour pictures and diagrams and plenty of extra examples and homework difficulties were extra. this is often an amazing introductory textbook on pollution for college kids taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technology, Earth technology, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and legislation. it is going to additionally shape a precious reference textual content for researchers, and an advent to the topic for common audiences.

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Example text

Previously, gunpowder, a black powder mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and saltpeter (potassium nitrate) was the explosive and gun propellant of choice, but it resulted in poor battlefield visibility. Sch¨onbein discovered guncotton after spilling nitric acid and sulfuric acid on his kitchen counter, and then wiping up the mess with his wife’s cotton apron. After hanging the apron to dry over the stove, it readily caught fire. The nitric acid had reacted with the cellulose in the cotton to form explosive nitrocellulose and water.

Why did Lavoisier name oxygen as he did? Was his definition correct? Why or why not? 6. Is a termolecular combination reaction the result of the collision of three molecules simultaneously? Why or why not? 7. If the chemical e-folding lifetimes of the harmless substances A, B, and C are 1 hour, 1 week, and 1 year, respectively, and all three substances produce harmful products when they break down, which substance would you prefer to eliminate from urban air first? Why? 8. Match each person with a surrogate name or description of a chemical he or she discovered.

He is also known for studying the weights of gases and the density of the Earth. 95 percent. 8. 16), a student of Joseph Black, performed an experiment by which he allowed an animal to breathe the air in an enclosed space until the animal died, removing the molecular oxygen, O2 (g), which had not yet been discovered. He then exposed the remaining air to the crystal caustic potash [KOH(s), potassium hydroxide or pot ashes], obtained by burning wood in a large iron pot. CO2 (g) in the remaining air reacted with caustic potash, forming pearl ash or potash [K2 CO3 (s), potassium carbonate].

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