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By Philoponus

Philoponus' treatise opposed to Aristotle at the Eternity of the area, an assault on Aristotle's astronomy and theology is anxious mostly with the eternity and divinity of the 5th aspect, or 'quintessence', of which Aristotle took the celebrities to be composed. Pagans and Christians have been divided on even if the realm had a starting, and on even if a trust that the heavens have been divine was once a mark of faith. Philoponus claimed on behalf of Christianity that the universe used to be now not everlasting. His so much remarkable arguments, the place wrung paradox out of the pagan trust in an enormous previous, were wrongly credited by means of historians of technological know-how to a interval seven hundred years later.
The treatise used to be to persuade Islamic, Jewish, Byzantine and Latin proposal, although the 5th point was once defended opposed to Philoponus even past the time of Copernicus. The effect of the treatise used to be hard to track sooner than the fragments have been assembled. Dr. Wildberg has introduced them jointly for the 1st time and supplied a precis which makes coherent experience of the entire. He has additionally studied a Syriac fragment, which finds that the treatise initially contained an explicitly theological part at the Christian expectation of a brand new heaven and a brand new earth.

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In his Studies, 2), and into French by G. -J. Festugiere - Cahiers d'orientalisme 10 (Geneva 1984), 77-88. The work translated by Pines starts off by referring back to the contra Proclum and the contra Aristotelem. 30. The date of the de Opificio Mundi is still disputed. E. Evrard supports 557-60, in 'Les convictions religieuses de Jean Philopon et la date de son commentaire aux Meteorologiques', Bulletin de I'academie royal de Belgique, classe des lettres, 5 (1953), 299-357. But W. Wolska reaffirms Reichardt's date of 546-9 in La Topographie Chretienne de Cosmas Indicopleustes (Paris 1962), 163-5.

Henry Chadwick, 'Philoponus the Christian theologian', in Richard Sorabji (ed,), Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science. 1 am very grateful to Alain Segonds, Robert Sharpies and Christian Wildberg for their comments. (ii) Sources, structure and authenticity 25 ments, already published Arabic fragments, and one Syriac fragment. By far the most substantial source is the commentaries of the Athenian Neoplatonist Simplicius, the only source to have had direct access to the original treatise.

E. 2, 269al8-28. 19. As opposed to a mathematical (geometrical) circle, cf. fr. 1/25: 46,9; 1/26: 46,22f. e. " 24 Simpl. " 25 Simpl. in de Caelo 46,4-11: But again, as if regrets that he has conceded that the circle is complete 5 rather than the straight , he attempts to prove the opposite: "For if", he says, "the circle were assumed to be a plane surface,20 as Alexander thinks, it would not have a centre in actuality, in order that it may escape being divided there and so losing its continuity (meketi esti sunekhes).

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