By Mel Thompson
The 3rd variation of moral concept has been up-to-date in accordance with the revised a degree specification specifications. It presents a vital heritage to moral matters via giving an summary of significant moral theories and the way those will be utilized to various modern ethical concerns. the hot variation combines the entire strengths of the second one version with a brand new layout and lines to make the content material extra obtainable to all scholars in an effort to strengthen their realizing of the subject. New gains contain: - Key questions through the chapters to assist scholars concentrate on the most important matters - key words outlined and defined during the chapters - Profiles of key participants - their contribution and value - extra precis diagrams all through to assist revision - photographs and illustrations - Revision checklists on the finish of chapters - New exam-style questions and information on the finish of every bankruptcy.
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Extra resources for Access to Religion and Philosophy. Ethical Theory
Either in the area of human emotions expressed through them, or in the courses of action that such statements might prescribe – the first leads to emotivism and the second to prescriptivism. Both theories avoid the claim that moral statements are meaningless, by pointing to the evidence of what actually happens when moral statements are made – for, whether or not they are meaningless in themselves, it is clear that moral statements do actually express emotions and recommend courses of action. It is possible to argue that moral statements are means by which we overcome selfish perspectives.
M. This approach was taken by R. M. Hare (The Language of Morals  and Freedom and Reason ). He argued that a moral statement is ‘prescribing’ a course of action, recommending that something should be done, not just expressing a feeling. On the other hand, moral statements are rather more than commands. A command is simply a request to do a particular thing at a particular moment, whereas a moral statement is making a more general suggestion about what action should be taken. In other words, a moral statement is both prescriptive and also universalisable: suggesting what everyone should do in the circumstances.
In other words, to claim that you are acting responsibly requires you to take ‘responsibility’ for what you are doing; you cannot claim, at one and the same time, to be morally responsible and also incapable of making a free choice. To say ‘I just felt like it’ is not a moral justification. Equally, moral responsibility implies that you can weigh up the values by which you choose to live and can assess the extent to which these conform to both the immediate social and legal rules and the wider demands of universal moral norms.