Download A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Radiation Effects Research, Committee to Review the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency

From 1945 via 1962, the U.S. atmospheric nuclear guns checking out software concerned millions of army and civilian group of workers, and a few of them have been uncovered to ionizing radiation. Veterans' teams have considering been involved that their participants' health and wellbeing was once plagued by radiation publicity linked to participation in nuclear checks and feature burdened Congress for incapacity repayment. a number of items of laws were handed to compensate either army and civilian group of workers for such health and wellbeing results. Veterans' issues in regards to the accuracy of reconstructed doses brought on Congress to have the overall Accounting place of work (GAO) evaluate the dose reconstruction software used to estimate publicity. The GAO learn concluded that dose reconstruction is a sound approach to estimating radiation dose and will be used because the foundation of repayment. It additionally urged an self reliant assessment of the dose reconstruction software. the results of that suggestion was once a congressional mandate that the safety hazard relief business enterprise (DTRA), part of the dept of protection, ask the nationwide examine Council to behavior an self reliant assessment of the dose reconstruction software. in accordance with that request, the nationwide examine Council verified the Committee to study the Dose Reconstruction application of the protection chance aid organization within the Board on Radiation results examine (BRER).

The committee randomly chosen pattern documents of doses that were reconstructed by means of DTRA and punctiliously evaluated them. The committee's document describes its findings and gives responses to the various questions which were raised by means of the veterans.

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Additional info for A Review of the Dose Reconstruction Program of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Example text

25 I INTRODUCTION gland and urinary tract were added in 1992 and bronchiolo-alveolar carcinoma was included in 1999. Finally, in 2002, cancer of the bone, brain, colon, lung, and ovary were added, bringing the total number of cancers considered radiogenic under the presumptive law to 21 (VA, 2002). The various laws are implemented in Title 38, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 3 (38 CFR Part 3). The regulations authorize the VA to provide medical care and pay compensation benefits to confirmed test participants and dependence and indemnity compensation to certain survivors.

In August 1998, the committee released its hearing report and asked the General Accounting Office (GAO) to review all available information related to dose reconstruction to determine its reliability for measuring veterans’ radiation exposures and to assess the completeness of historical records used to assign radiation doses. GAO completed its review in January 2000 and found that dose reconstruction was a valid method of estimating veterans’ doses for compensation claims and no better method was known, but that the program lacks an independent review process.

However, such information can be helpful as each individual judges for himself the significance of his exposures during the testing program. The types and amounts of ionizing-radiation exposures received by military personnel participating in atmospheric nuclear-weapons test detonations depended on the characteristics of the detonation, the role of the participants, and the proximity of personnel to detonations and fallout of nuclear debris. When a nuclear explosion occurs, penetrating gamma rays and neutrons are emitted from fission of the fuel (usually 239Pu or 235U or a combination of the two).

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